Why Are We Planning A Study of the Book of Enoch?

We have spent a lot of time over the past year studying Enoch and other literature written about the same time (roughly 3rd century B.C. to 1st century A.D.). This time period has been termed the Intertestamental or Second Temple time period.

Other writings from this era are fairly well known, such as Jubilees and the Dead Sea Scrolls, but solid, reputable scholars have been saying for over 100 years that Enoch is easily the most important and influential single work from that time period which was not included in the Bible. After our deep dive into Enoch, we fully agree.

Besides being quoted in the New Testament (Jude 14-15) and alluded to in other places (2 Peter 2:4-5 + Jude 6), phrases from Enoch echo through the NT, the best known being the phrase, Son of Man.

The most recent version of the ‘Nestle-Aland’ edition of the Greek New Testament gives about 100 places where in the judgment of the editors, Enoch is alluded to, mostly in the Gospels and Revelation.

Enoch was considered as Scripture by both Jewish & Christian groups (including an influential group of Church Fathers) for hundreds of years, before other influential leaders pushed it to the margins. However, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church has considered it canonical for centuries.

Enoch gives invaluable background on the ministry of both holy and fallen angels and the origins of demons, the latter not being found in the Bible.

New Testament scholar Joachim Jeremias considered Enoch to be the earliest instance of a Jewish writing which specifies that the righteous and the wicked will have differing fates in the afterlife (see Kittel, Theological Dictionary of the N.T, vol. 1, p. 147). Enoch’s visions in this regard were hugely and clearly influential on the writers of the N.T..

Many believers are uncomfortable reading ‘non-canonical’ writings, but we often see authors, pastors and Bible teachers utilizing historical authors like Josephus, Philo, the Ante-Nicene Fathers, Augustine, Luther, Calvin or current authors to add depth and insight to their teaching. The late Dr. Michael Heiser (who did not consider Enoch canonical) was fond of saying, “A book does not need to be canonical to be important.”

We invite you to check out our videos on Enoch here:

Questions on Enoch or other similar writings can be directed here:

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